Georgia occupies the central and eastern part of the Caucasus . Its neighbors are Russia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, in the south of Armenia and Turkey to the south- east. It is a mountainous country , the northern boundary runs along the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the southern - the Lesser Caucasus . Between these two mountain ranges along the Black Sea coast stretches flat strip , the length of which is 330 km .
Despite the relatively small size of the country , Georgia flora is diverse , due to a rare combination of western and eastern climates. Mountain ranges contribute to the isolation of weather in the country, which generally affects the geographical isolation and the natural ecological system in the region and the high level of diversity of plant and animal species . Woodlands cover 38% of the country , or 2.7 million hectares of land. In Georgia, home to more than 100 animal species , more than 330 species of birds , 48 species of reptiles , 11 amphibians and view more than 160 species of fish. Georgia's population The main population of Georgia are: Georgians, Azerbaijanis , Armenians, Russian , Ossetians , Greeks, Abkhaz , Yezidis, Jews (including Georgian Jews , Kurdish Jews and Ashkenazi ) , Assyrians , Ukrainians, Kistinians , Germans, Poles, Bulgarians .
The total population of Georgia - 4,615,807 people. According to the census of the population in Georgia in 2002 (out of 4,369,579 inhabitants) live following national groups - Georgians (83.7 % ), Azerbaijanis (6.5%) , Armenians ( 5.7%), Russian (1.5% ) , Ossetians (0.9%) , Kurds and Yezidis (0.5%) , Greeks ( 0.3 %) , Chechens and Kistinians ( 0.2 %) , Ukrainians ( 0.2 %) , Assyrians, Avars, Abkhazians and others. RELIGION Georgia Georgians profess Orthodox Christianity. By the way , Georgia - the second country ( after Armenia ) to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 326 g . BC