Pskovian merchants were annihilated by the deportation of 1569 when they together with their elders were moved to Moscow by the order of Ivan the Terrible. Though only few families survived, it didn't take much time for Pskovian merchants to grow in number. The Cadastre of 1585-1587 mentions up to 33 tradesmen though after the siege of Pskov laid by Stephan Bathory, up to 500 shops were empty. Among the Pskovian "guests" of the middle of the 16 th to 17 th centuries there appeared some who were famous for their prosperity. These were a clerk of the Mint, Michael Ivanovich Detkov, dynasties of the Khozins, Igolkins, Prepodobovs and others. The "important" people not only accumulated riches, but they aimed at acquiring lands. During the economic crisis of the 17 th century many of them bought the feudal rights and priviledges. At the turn of the 16 th century when the All-Russian market began to develop, the new type of merchants, shifty enterpreneurs, knowing all ins and outs came to replace the "Moscow guests". They started first, comparatively big productive enterprises, beyond the shops and warehouses, tax-collecting from the Mint and "Gostiny Dvory". They brought transit trade with Europe. They didn't shrink from usury and smuggling. The prosperity of the greatest merchants: the Pogankins, the Rusinovs, the Menshikovs and others grew rapidly.